from July 13,1889
Issued Every Saturday
Leslie L. Barton Editor
Cents a Year, In Advance; Published at Falmouth
ENTERPRISE was entered May 11, 1889 at the Post Office
at Falmouth, KY., as second class matter.
Invention of Writing Seems to Have Put An End to
is said that the invention of writing injured the
power of memory, and years ago, before the schoolmaster
was abroad as he is nowadays, it was possible to
meet with many instances of strong memorizing capacity
among persons who could neither read nor write. Complicated
accounts could be kept by the aid of a "tally" only,
and the memory of many a small farmer or petty rural
shop keeper was his only ledger and order book. It
is certain that since the art of writing has become
an almost universal accomplishment the faculty of
memory, being less needed, is less cultivated. Long
after the invention of letters our forefathers rested
much upon oral tradition. Antiquarians assert that
one of the ancient races of italy possessed no written
language, and even where written characters were
in use oral tradition formed an important supplement
to them. "Folk lore" tales and ballads have been
handed down from lip to lip for centuries with curious
oral tradition was recognized as a vehicle for actual
information more care was taken regarding its accuracy
than would be the case in these days. The old reciters
jealously guarded a time honored form or words, even
in their prose narratives. Breton peasants, notably
those who possess a talent as raconteurs, will repeat
a legend or a story with scrupulous fidelity to the
established form in which they have always heard
the incidents related, and will check a traveler
who attempts to deviate from the orthodox version
with "nay, monsieur, the story should begin thus,"
repeating the regular form of the tale. The eastern
story teller deviates little in his time honored
recitals of tales of love, adventure, and magic;
we recognize all our old friends from the "Arabian
Nights" if we halt to listen to a professional raconteur
in the streets in any Oriental town. In the days
of "war against proscribed books" faithful memories
were often utilized to preserve prohibited works
from oblivion. During the persectuion of teh Waldenses,
in the Thirteenth century, when their version of
the Scriptures was prohibited and destroyed wherever
found, their ministers committed whole books of the
sacred volume to memory, and repeated chapters at
their religious meetings. It would be tedius to enumerate
the many instances in which tradition has preserved
what written histories were forbidden to chronicle.
the whole, oral traditions are strangely accurate;
strangely, when we consider how facts are frequently
altered and distorted when occurrences are related
by different story tellers. The child's game of "Russian
scandal" (in chich a secret whisptered to one person
and repeated to a circle of others, is usually altered
out of recognition when repeated aloud by the last
hearer) is played every day in society. And yet,
local tradition will faithfully chronicle the site
of a battle, the burial place of a hero, the date
of a siege, and sometimes, after generations of historians
and antiquarians have scoffed at the "unreliable
local legend," a later investigation will discover
that the despised traditional story was the true
one after all. Centuries of repetition may have slightly
added to the incidents or distorted some of the facts,
but the main tale is strictly exact. The reputed
"treasure trove" may prove but a trifling hoard,
the battlefield smaller in extent, the graves of
the heroes less numerous; but in each case local
tradition is true regarding the facts that occurred
and the localities where they took place.
may at least claim to be as accurate as written history;
though this, perhaps, is faint praise. Oral tradition
is usually free from conscious party bias. The repeaters
of traditional lore carry on the tale as they heard
it; but how many an cloquent historian appears to
assume a brief for one side or another in every party
contest, and to write his history with a view, not
of elucidatin facts, but of representing certain
historical characters as angels or the reverse. Such
writers are always the pleasantest to read; an "impartial
historian" is sadly dull, as a rule; but when a biased
writer plays the part of Clio, tradition may often
prove the safer guide of the two. Folk lore, if not
an altogether reliable guide, is seldom totally at
fault in its statement of facts, and tradition has
frequently kept alive memories which might otherwise
have perished altogether. Books may be destroyed
but it is less easy to extinguish local traditions.
-- Manchester Courier.
is a good evidence of childish memory:
other day, at table, the talk turned on dress and
appearance of certain tribes and races of men. A
little five and a quarter year old girl, who appeared
to be listening attentively, and who, two years ago,
had seen real specimens in their western homes, was
asked how an Indian looked. Without hesitation, she
answered: "Like a bundle of blankets with a head
on one end." Which was exceedingly good, after two
years' interval. -- Boston Transcript.
State meeting of the Christian Church will be held
at Versailles, begining the 20th of August.
fellow by the name of Barlow was lodge in jail here
Saturday evening by a Lexington policeman, charged
with horse stealing. He came a short time ago with
a horse in his prossession belonging to Esq. Tilton,
of near Headquarters, Nicholas county. He traded
the horse to George Brannock and sold the one he
got of Brannock to some coffee pot agent for the
right of Fayette Co., and returned to Lexington.
James Shields went with Brannock and had the fellow
arrested and brought here. Barlow waived examination
Monday and not being able to give the $500 bail was
returned to jail to await trial at Criminal Court.
for Representative and Assor. -- Speeches, etc.
to a call made through The Guide, the Republicans
of this county met in Convention at the Court house
Saturday, July 6th. P. E. Morgan, Chairman of the
Ex. Com., called the meeting to order. W. M. Rardin
was then elected permanent chairman and W. K. Wilson,
Rardin stated the objects of the meeting, after which
nominations were declared in order.
were made by a call of districts. The name of no
one was presented until Butler (No. 8) was reached.
Then Mr. Jas. M. Thomasson's name was placed before
the meeting, and he was unanimously declared the
choice of the Convention for representative. Henry
H. Stith, of Grassy Creek (No. 5) was the choice
of the meeting for Assessor. The resolutions of the
late State meeting at Lexington were ratified. The
meeting then stood adjourned sine die.
as the meeting was adjourned Mr. Duncan was introduced
and made a very clever speech in behalf of his party,
urging closer ties among members of his party and
a more thorough organization.
Dunlap spoke at some length of Mr. Colson who nominated
last Thursday by the Republicans as their candidate
for State Treasurer.
were also made gy W. M. Rardin, Dr. Barbour and others.
our readers may know what they are doing as we
present them as follows a synopsis of the stock
law to be voted on at the August election in
this district. The act for Pendleton county will
be found in vol. 2, page 65I of actsof 1885 -
6. -- Editor
It is unlawful for stock of any kind to run at
large after this act takes effect.
Stock running at large, it is the duty of teh Sheriff
or his deputies, constable or town marshal, to
take it up and impound it, providing for feeding
and safe-keeping. To redeem same the owner must
pay all fees and costs.
The owner of the stock running at large in district
where this act may be adopted is liable for all
damages. The party injured holding a lien on the
stock for all damages till paid. May be recovered
before any competent court.
For taking up stock the officer is entitled to
the following fees: For each horse, jack, mule,jennet,
colt, bull, cow, steer or calf, 50 cents; for each
hog, pig or sheep, 25 cents; and the same compensation
when he has to sell the stock.
The officer taking up the stock must notify the
owner or custodian immediately. If the stock is
not redeemed in 5 days the officer or party damaged
must institute proceedings to sell.
Any person finding stock upon his premises has
the right to take up and hold the same as estray
are now taken up and held.
The owners of lands must maintain their fences
along the highways so that stock can be driven
along over said highways. If the owner fails to
do so and stock driven along the road injures him
he is not entitled to damages.
Any officer knowing of stock violating this act
shall be fined not less than $10 nor more than
$25. for each offense of not impounding.
[ Note --
the law, if it carries takes effect 60 days after.
It can't be voted on, only every two years.]
persons knowing themselves indebted to Geo. W. Ryder,
late druggist of this place, will please call at
office of the undersigned and settle their claims
immediately, without further notice or delay.
Rardin & Rardin, Attys.
persons knowing themselves indebted to the Huff brothers,
late blacksmiths of this place, will please call
at office of undersigned and settle their claims
immediately, without further notice or delay.
Rardin & Rardin, Attys.
We desire to call the attention of the
ladies of Butler and vicinity to the superior strength
and flavor of R. and O.
extracts, Vanilla and Lemon, recently introduced in this market. They are guaranteed
by the manufacturers absolutely pure and reliable. Try them and be convinced.
Sold in Butler by R.F. Shaw, C.F. Peoples, H.H. Hall, and John A. Faris.
New Collector and his Chief Deputy.
Landram has filed his bond for $200,00 and took charge
of the Collector's office, July 1. He tendered the
position of Chief Deputy to Mr. W.H. Bowen. Mr. Bowen
is the best posted revenue man in Kentucky, and held
the position now offered to him under Collectors
Holden, Finnell and Davison in this District, in
the Lexington District, in all cases maintaining
the standard of the office as first-class, and receiving
the highest commendations of the Chief of the Bureau.
Chief Deputy's salary, $2,000; Cashier, $1,800; Bonded
Clerk, $1,500; District Accountant, $1,400; Division
Deputy No. 1, $1,400; Division Deputy at Cynthiana,
$1,200; Book keeper, $1,200; Stamp Clerk, $720; Messenger,
$450; Deputy at Carrolton, $900; Deputy at Cynthiana,
$600; Stamp Deputy at Milton, $450; sixty one storekeepers
at $4 a day, and twenty one gaugers at $5 a day.
Constitutional Convention vote will be taken at the
August election. It should be defeated by an overwhelming
vote. The question of voting State aid to corporations
could easily be inserted in a constitution at the
present time. -- Frankfort Argus.
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2007 were transcribed from FHC microfilm #973027.
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